The majority of heart disease is caused by factors that can be controlled, treated, or modified. Risk factors are habits or conditions that make a person likely to have a disease. These risk factors include; high blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in the hardening of your arteries and narrowing the vessels from which blood flows. High blood cholesterol. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques. Smoking. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than non-smokers. Being overweight or obese. People who have an excess of body fat, especially at the waist, are more likely to develop heart disease and stroke. Unhealthy diet. A diet that is high in fat or sugar, salt and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease. Stress. Unrelieved stress may harden the arteries and makes you more at risk for heart disease. Inactivity is a risk factor for coronary disease; so having some aerobic exercise 20 to 30 minutes four or five times a week is helpful to the heart and many of the previously mentioned risk factors.
If you have a history of heart disease or one or more of these risk factors, take action to reduce your risk.